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diff --git a/CHANGES_AND_HINTS.TXT b/CHANGES_AND_HINTS.TXT
index 394476a1..68ff868d 100644
--- a/CHANGES_AND_HINTS.TXT
+++ b/CHANGES_AND_HINTS.TXT
@@ -13,127 +13,381 @@ Note that upgrading from a Slackware version earlier than 14.2 is NOT
supported at all and will most likely not work.
+*** NEW USERS/GROUPS SINCE 14.2 ***
+
+cgred group, GID 41
+dovecot user and group, UID and GID 94
+dovenull user and group, UID and GID 95
+icecc user and group, UID and GID 49
+ldap user and group, UID and GID 330
+ntp user and group, UID and GID 44
+postfix user and group, UID and GID 91
+postdrop user and group, UID and GID 92
+
+
+*** NOTABLE CHANGES AND HINTS ***
+
+User authentication is PAM-based now; in short, Slackware ships PAM.
+ The out-of-the-box configuration should be exactly what you expect
+ from Slackware. Enjoy.
+
+The stock networking scripts now use iproute2 instead of net-tools and
+ bridge-utils and friends. All of the previous functionality is still
+ supported with the same config file syntax in /etc/rc.d/rc.inet1.conf,
+ but added functionality includes support for creating virtual interfaces
+ (e.g. tun/tap) and adding them to bridges as well as binding additional
+ IP addresses to virtual and/or real interfaces. This did involve some
+ added options to rc.inet1.conf. Maybe best of all, /sbin/ifconfig can
+ still be used to view (and even configure) interfaces manually - any
+ additional IP addresses bound to interfaces using rc.inet1 will be done
+ in such a way that /sbin/ifconfig recognizes them.
+
+The ntp package has changed such that ntpd now drops privileges and runs as
+ user ntp and group ntp. Be sure to move/merge the changes to rc.ntpd and
+ /etc/ntp.conf.
+
+The gnupg2 package has changed such that the gpg agent is autostarted on
+ demand now, so be sure to remove any local profile script changes to
+ handle that. Also, there is a new keyring format used by gnupg2-2.2.x,
+ so have a look at https://www.gnupg.org/faq/whats-new-in-2.1.html#keybox
+ for migration tips.
+
+n/postfix replaces n/sendmail as the default MTA.
+ However, postfix is sendmail compatible with respect to function; in
+ other words, any scripts or other applications expecting to *use*
+ sendmail should work just fine, as postfix installs a sendmail binary
+ at /usr/sbin/sendmail. This is all fine and wonderful unless you want
+ to use sendmail *instead* of postfix and thus decided to leave sendmail
+ installed on the system. The postfix package will overwrite the
+ /usr/sbin/sendmail file on the system. Long story short: if you plan
+ to use the sendmail MTA instead of postfix, you will need to reinstall
+ sendmail after postfix. Many distros provide a means of having both MTAs
+ (and even others, such as exim and courier) installed at the same time,
+ but we don't see a reason to bother with that. If for some reason you
+ DO want both:
+ 1: First, install the MTA you do NOT plan to use
+ 2. Rename the /usr/sbin/sendmail binary with a suffix, e.g.
+ # mv /usr/sbin/sendmail /usr/sbin/sendmail.postfix
+ 3: Next, install the MTA you DO plan to use
+ Finally, you might want to configure the first-installed MTA to look at
+ the changed path for its sendmail binary. We're not going to cover that
+ here. Also note that only one of the installed MTAs will be able to bind
+ the common SMTP ports, if you want to have both MTAs running.
+
+The cciss driver has been replaced by the hpsa driver, so if you're
+ running an HP server, this may be relevant to you. This is mostly an
+ issue with respect to device references -- if you have references to
+ /dev/cciss/* in e.g. /etc/fstab and/or /etc/smartd.conf, you'll need
+ to fix those. Reference: https://tinyurl.com/cciss-hpsa
+
+The default location for packaged dbus configs and polkit rules are now
+ /usr/share/dbus-1/system.d/ and /usr/share/polkit-1/rules.d/ ; as such,
+ all packaged files have been moved to those locations. If you upgraded
+ from 14.2, you will have the previous copies of those still inside
+ /etc/dbus-1/system.d/ and /etc/polkit-1/rules.d/ (as they used to be
+ installed with .new suffixes). The upgrade process will not (and should
+ not) automatically remove those, as the locations in /etc are intended
+ to override the locations in /usr/share, and it's possible that the
+ system administrator had edited the files in /etc and intends for those
+ edits to be persistent. If that does not apply, *and* the files remaining
+ in there were not installed by non-stock packages, you may remove the
+ dbus configs and polkit rules files in the /etc locations.
+
+elogind now manages cgroups (cgmanager is removed), so the leftover files
+ at /etc/rc.d/rc.cgmanager and /etc/rc.d/rc.cgproxy should be removed.
+
+Use one of the provided generic kernels for daily use. Do not report
+ bugs until/unless you have reproduced them using one of the stock
+ generic kernels. You will need to create an initrd in order to boot
+ the generic kernels - see /boot/README.initrd for instructions.
+ The huge kernels are primarily intended as "installer" and "emergency"
+ kernels in case you forget to make an initrd. For most systems, you
+ should use the generic SMP kernel if it will run, even if your system is
+ not SMP-capable. Some newer hardware needs the local APIC enabled in the
+ SMP kernel, and theoretically there should not be a performance penalty
+ with using the SMP-capable kernel on a uniprocessor machine, as the SMP
+ kernel tests for this and makes necessary adjustments. Furthermore, the
+ kernel sources shipped with Slackware are configured for SMP usage, so you
+ won't have to modify those to build external modules (such as NVidia or
+ ATI proprietary drivers) if you use the SMP kernel.
+
+ If you decide to use one of the non-SMP kernels, you will need to follow the
+ instructions in /extra/linux-5.10.3-nosmp-sdk/README.TXT to modify your
+ kernel sources for non-SMP usage. Note that this only applies if you are
+ using the Slackware-provided non-SMP kernel - if you build a custom kernel,
+ the symlinks at /lib/modules/$(uname -r)/{build,source} will point to the
+ correct kernel source so long as you don't (re)move it.
+
+If you want to change the resolution of the KMS console, that can be done
+ with something like this as a kernel append in lilo.conf:
+ append="video=1024x768"
+
+Speaking of lilo.conf and KMS, make sure you use either vga=normal or
+ vga=extended -- some of the framebuffers don't like KMS very much...
+
+If you have set up an encrypted root partition, you will need to have access
+ to your keyboard in order to type the passphrase. This may require you to
+ add the uhci-hcd and usbhid modules to your initrd image if you have a USB
+ keyboard. Also note that if you are using a non-US keyboard, you can use the
+ '-l' parameter to the 'mkinitrd' command in order to add support for this
+ keyboard to your initrd.
+
+Subpixel hinting in freetype has been enabled upstream by default, but you
+ may adjust this in /etc/profile.d/freetype.{csh,sh}.
+
+
*** PACKAGE ADDITIONS SINCE 14.2 ***
+a/cracklib
a/efivar
+a/elogind
a/f2fs-tools
a/haveged
a/hostname (split from n/net-tools)
+a/inih
a/lbzip2
a/lhasa (replaces a/lha)
+a/libblockdev
+a/libbytesize
+a/libpwquality
a/lzlib
a/mlocate (replaces a/slocate)
+a/ndctl
a/nvi
a/openssl10-solibs (compat libraries for openssl-1.0.2)
+a/pam
a/plzip
+a/volume_key
a/zerofree
ap/dash (replaces ap/ash)
+ap/inxi
ap/man-db (replaces ap/man)
+ap/neofetch
ap/nvme-cli
ap/opus-tools
ap/sc-im (replaces ap/sc)
+ap/undervolt
ap/xorriso
+d/autoconf-archive
d/check
d/gcc-brig
d/gcc-gdc
d/gnucobol (replaces d/gnu-cobol)
+d/gyp
d/icecream
+d/meson
+d/ninja
d/opencl-headers
d/parallel
d/patchelf
d/python-pip
+d/python2 (replaces d/python)
d/python3
+d/re2c
+d/rinutils
d/rust
+d/sassc
d/vala
+e/emacspeak
+kde/* (too many to reasonably list here - see UPGRADE.TXT)
l/Mako
+l/PyQt5
+l/QtAV
l/SDL2
l/SDL2_gfx
l/SDL2_image
l/SDL2_mixer
l/SDL2_net
l/SDL2_ttf
+l/accountsservice
l/argon2
+l/brotli
+l/cfitsio
+l/cryfs
+l/cryptopp
+l/dotconf
+l/dvdauthor
+l/espeak-ng
+l/farstream
l/ffmpeg
l/fluidsynth
+l/freecell-solver
+l/frei0r-plugins
l/fuse3
+l/gdk-pixbuf2-xlib
l/gexiv2
+l/gjs
+l/glade
l/gnome-themes-extra (replaces l/gnome-themes-standard)
+l/graphene
l/graphite2
l/gst-plugins-libav
+l/gtksourceview3
+l/hyphen
l/id3lib
l/isl
l/jansson
l/jmtpfs
l/json-glib
+l/kdsoap
+l/keybinder3
l/lame
+l/lensfun
+l/libappindicator
l/libbluray
+l/libburn
l/libclc
+l/libcue
+l/libdbusmenu
+l/libdmtx
l/libedit
l/libidn2
+l/libindicator
+l/libnice
+l/libnsl
+l/libnss_nis
l/libopusenc
l/libpsl
+l/libqalculate
+l/libsass
l/libsodium
l/libunwind
+l/libuv
l/libwebp
+l/libwnck3
+l/libxkbcommon
l/lmdb
-l/mozjs60 (replaced l/js185)
+l/lz4
+l/mlt
+l/mozjs78 (replaced l/js185)
l/ocl-icd
l/oniguruma
+l/openal-soft
+l/opencv
l/opus
l/opusfile
+l/pcaudiolib
+l/pcre2
+l/phonon-backend-gstreamer
+l/pipewire
l/pyparsing
l/python-appdirs
l/python-certifi
l/python-chardet
-l/python-docutils
l/python-distro
+l/python-docutils
+l/python-future
l/python-idna
l/python-notify2
l/python-packaging
l/python-ply
l/python-pygments
+l/python-pysol_cards
+l/python-random2
l/python-requests
l/python-sane
l/python-six
l/python-urllib3
+l/python2-module-collection
+l/qrencode
+l/qt5
+l/qt5-webkit
+l/qtkeychain
+l/quazip
+l/rpcsvc-proto
+l/rttr
+l/speech-dispatcher
l/speex
l/talloc
l/tdb
l/tevent
+l/tidy-html5
l/utf8proc
+l/vid.stab
+l/woff2
+l/xxHash
l/zstd
n/dovecot
n/krb5
n/libmilter
n/nghttp2
n/npth
+n/nss-pam-ldapd
+n/openldap
n/openssl10 (compat development package for openssl-1.0.2)
+n/pam-krb5
n/postfix
n/s-nail (replaces mailx)
+n/socat
n/sshfs
n/wireless_tools (renamed from n/wireless-tools)
t/fig2dev (replaces t/transfig)
t/texlive (replaces t/tetex and t/tetex-doc)
+x/OpenCC
+x/cldr-emoji-annotation
+x/fcitx
+x/fcitx-anthy
+x/fcitx-configtool
+x/fcitx-hangul
+x/fcitx-kkc
+x/fcitx-libpinyin
+x/fcitx-m17n
+x/fcitx-qt5
+x/fcitx-sayura
+x/fcitx-table-extra
+x/fcitx-table-other
+x/fcitx-unikey
+x/hack-fonts-ttf
+x/ibus
+x/ibus-anthy
+x/ibus-hangul
+x/ibus-kkc
+x/ibus-libpinyin
+x/ibus-m17n
+x/ibus-table
+x/ibus-unikey
x/igt-gpu-tools (replaces x/intel-gpu-tools)
x/intel-vaapi-driver (replaces x/libva-intel-driver)
x/libXfont2
+x/libgee
x/libglvnd
x/libinput
+x/libkkc
+x/libkkc-data
x/libmypaint
+x/libpinyin
x/libva-utils
x/libwacom
+x/marisa
x/mypaint-brushes
+x/noto-cjk-fonts-ttf
+x/noto-fonts-ttf
+x/pyxdg
+x/skkdic
x/ttf-tlwg
x/urw-core35-fonts-otf
x/vulkan-sdk
+x/wayland
+x/wayland-protocols
x/xf86-input-libinput
x/xf86-video-vboxvideo
+x/xisxwayland
+x/xorg-server-xwayland
x/xorgproto (replaces all of the other x/*proto packages)
+xap/NetworkManager-openvpn
xap/easytag
xap/ffmpegthumbnailer
+xap/libnma
xap/rxvt-unicode (replaces xap/rxvt)
+xap/ssr
+xap/xsnow
+xfce/Greybird
+xfce/elementary-xfce
+xfce/mousepad
xfce/thunar (replaces xfce/Thunar)
-extra/sendmail/* (moved from main tree)
+xfce/xfce4-panel-profiles
+xfce/xfce4-screensaver
+xfce/xfce4-whiskermenu-plugin
*** PACKAGE REMOVALS SINCE 14.2 ***
@@ -143,30 +397,58 @@ a/getty-ps (moved to /extra)
a/lha (replaced by a/lhasa)
a/slocate (replaced by a/mlocate)
ap/ash (replaced by ap/dash)
+ap/cgmanager (obsoleted by a/elogind)
ap/man (replaced by ap/man-db)
+ap/pm-utils (obsoleted by a/elogind)
ap/sc (replaced by ap/sc-im)
ap/workbone
d/gcc-java
d/gnu-cobol (replaced by d/gnucobol)
+d/python (replaced by d/python2)
+kde/* (too many to reasonably list here - see UPGRADE.TXT)
+kdei/* (too many to reasonably list here)
+l/ConsoleKit2 (obsoleted by a/elogind)
+l/PyQt
+l/automoc4
l/db42
l/db44
+l/glade3 (replaced by l/glade)
l/gnome-themes-standard (replaced by l/gnome-themes-extra)
l/herqq
-l/js185 (replaced with l/mozjs60)
+l/ilmbase
+l/js185 (replaced by l/mozjs78)
+l/json-c
+l/keybinder (replaced by l/keybinder3)
l/libart_lgpl
+l/libbluedevil
+l/libcroco
+l/liblastfm
l/libmcs
l/libmowgli
l/libmsn
l/libtermcap
l/libwmf-docs (merged with l/libwmf)
l/notify-python (replaced by python-notify2)
+l/phonon-gstreamer
l/pyrex
+l/qimageblitz
+l/qjson
+l/qt (replaced by l/qt5)
+l/qt-gstreamer
+l/qtscriptgenerator
+l/raptor2
+l/rasqal
+l/redland
l/seamonkey-solibs
+l/soprano
+l/strigi
+l/urwid
l/virtuoso-ose
n/dirmngr
n/idnkit
n/imapd
n/mailx (replaced by n/s-nail)
+n/openldap-client
n/pth
n/rfkill (included in a/util-linux)
n/sendmail (moved to /extra ; replaced by n/postfix and n/libmilter)
@@ -199,12 +481,19 @@ x/randrproto (replaced by x/xorgproto)
x/recordproto (replaced by x/xorgproto)
x/renderproto (replaced by x/xorgproto)
x/resourceproto (replaced by x/xorgproto)
+x/scim
+x/scim-anthy
+x/scim-hangul
+x/scim-input-pad
+x/scim-m17n
+x/scim-pinyin
+x/scim-tables
x/scrnsaverproto (replaced by x/xorgproto)
x/videoproto (replaced by x/xorgproto)
x/xcmiscproto (replaced by x/xorgproto)
x/xextproto (replaced by x/xorgproto)
-x/xf86-video-xgi (replaced by x/xorgproto)
-x/xf86-video-xgixp (replaced by x/xorgproto)
+x/xf86-video-xgi
+x/xf86-video-xgixp
x/xf86bigfontproto (replaced by x/xorgproto)
x/xf86dgaproto (replaced by x/xorgproto)
x/xf86driproto (replaced by x/xorgproto)
@@ -216,166 +505,8 @@ xap/rxvt (replaced by xap/rxvt-unicode)
xap/xfractint (moved to /extra)
xap/xv (moved to /extra)
xfce/Thunar (replaced by xfce/thunar)
+xfce/gtk-xfce-engine
+xfce/orage
extra/bittorrent/bittorrent
extra/mplayerplug-in/mplayerplug-in
-
-*** NEW USERS/GROUPS SINCE 14.2 ***
-
-cgred group, GID 41
-ntp user and group, UID and GID 44
-postfix user and group, UID and GID 91
-postdrop group, GID 92
-dovecot user and group, UID and GID 94
-dovenull user and group, UID and GID 95
-
-
-*** OTHER NOTABLE CHANGES AND HINTS ***
-
-The stock networking scripts now use iproute2 instead of net-tools and
- bridge-utils and friends. All of the previous functionality is still
- supported with the same config file syntax in /etc/rc.d/rc.inet1.conf,
- but added functionality includes support for creating virtual interfaces
- (e.g. tun/tap) and adding them to bridges as well as binding additional
- IP addresses to virtual and/or real interfaces. This did involve some
- added options to rc.inet1.conf. Maybe best of all, /sbin/ifconfig can
- still be used to view (and even configure) interfaces manually - any
- additional IP addresses bound to interfaces using rc.inet1 will be done
- in such a way that /sbin/ifconfig recognizes them.
-
-The ntp package has changed such that ntpd now drops privileges and runs as
- user ntp and group ntp. Be sure to move/merge the changes to rc.ntpd and
- /etc/ntp.conf.
-
-The gnupg2 package has changed such that the gpg agent is autostarted on
- demand now, so be sure to remove any local profile script changes to
- handle that. Also, there is a new keyring format used by gnupg2-2.2.x,
- so have a look at https://www.gnupg.org/faq/whats-new-in-2.1.html#keybox
- for migration tips.
-
-As mentioned earlier, n/postfix replaces n/sendmail as the default MTA.
- However, postfix is sendmail compatible with respect to function; in
- other words, any scripts or other applications expecting to *use*
- sendmail should work just fine, as postfix installs a sendmail binary
- at /usr/sbin/sendmail. This is all fine and wonderful unless you want
- to use sendmail *instead* of postfix and thus decided to leave sendmail
- installed on the system. The postfix package will overwrite the
- /usr/sbin/sendmail file on the system. Long story short: if you plan
- to use the sendmail MTA instead of postfix, you will need to reinstall
- sendmail after postfix. Many distros provide a means of having both MTAs
- (and even others, such as exim and courier) installed at the same time,
- but we don't see a reason to bother with that. If for some reason you
- DO want both:
- 1: First, install the MTA you do NOT plan to use
- 2. Rename the /usr/sbin/sendmail binary with a suffix, e.g.
- # mv /usr/sbin/sendmail /usr/sbin/sendmail.postfix
- 3: Next, install the MTA you DO plan to use
- Finally, you might want to configure the first-installed MTA to look at
- the changed path for its sendmail binary. We're not going to cover that
- here. Also note that only one of the installed MTAs will be able to bind
- the common SMTP ports, if you want to have both MTAs running.
-
-The cciss driver has been replaced by the hpsa driver, so if you're
- running an HP server, this may be relevant to you. This is mostly an
- issue with respect to device references -- if you have references to
- /dev/cciss/* in e.g. /etc/fstab and/or /etc/smartd.conf, you'll need
- to fix those. Reference: https://tinyurl.com/cciss-hpsa
-
-Use one of the provided generic kernels for daily use. Do not report
- bugs until/unless you have reproduced them using one of the stock
- generic kernels. You will need to create an initrd in order to boot
- the generic kernels - see /boot/README.initrd for instructions.
- The huge kernels are primarily intended as "installer" and "emergency"
- kernels in case you forget to make an initrd. For most systems, you
- should use the generic SMP kernel if it will run, even if your system is
- not SMP-capable. Some newer hardware needs the local APIC enabled in the
- SMP kernel, and theoretically there should not be a performance penalty
- with using the SMP-capable kernel on a uniprocessor machine, as the SMP
- kernel tests for this and makes necessary adjustments. Furthermore, the
- kernel sources shipped with Slackware are configured for SMP usage, so you
- won't have to modify those to build external modules (such as NVidia or
- ATI proprietary drivers) if you use the SMP kernel.
-
- If you decide to use one of the non-SMP kernels, you will need to follow the
- instructions in /extra/linux-5.4.18-nosmp-sdk/README.TXT to modify your
- kernel sources for non-SMP usage. Note that this only applies if you are
- using the Slackware-provided non-SMP kernel - if you build a custom kernel,
- the symlinks at /lib/modules/$(uname -r)/{build,source} will point to the
- correct kernel source so long as you don't (re)move it.
-
-Printing, scanning, and bluetooth usage require that your user account be a
- member of the "lp" group (membership in the "scanner" group is no longer
- needed by any of the included scanner drivers, though some third party
- drivers may still need it); we had to configure sane to use the "lp" group
- or else multifunction devices (e.g. print/scan/copy units) would only do
- one or the other (depending on whether the group ownership was "lp" or
- "scanner").
-
-If you want to change the resolution of the KMS console, that can be done
- with something like this as a kernel append in lilo.conf:
- append="video=1024x768"
-
-Speaking of lilo.conf and KMS, make sure you use either vga=normal or
- vga=extended -- some of the framebuffers don't like KMS very much...
-
-If your cd/dvd drive is not visible inside a gtk-based desktop environment
- (e.g. Xfce), you may need to add "comment=x-gvfs-show" to the /etc/fstab
- line for the device. For more information, see this document:
- http://git.gnome.org/browse/gvfs/tree/monitor/udisks2/what-is-shown.txt
-
-If you have set up an encrypted root partition, you will need to have access
- to your keyboard in order to type the passphrase. This may require you to
- add the uhci-hcd and usbhid modules to your initrd image if you have a USB
- keyboard. Also note that if you are using a non-US keyboard, you can use the
- '-l' parameter to the 'mkinitrd' command in order to add support for this
- keyboard to your initrd.
-
-If you have permission errors when attempting to burn a cdrom or dvd image,
- such as the following:
- /usr/bin/cdrecord: Operation not permitted. Cannot send SCSI cmd via ioctl
- then cdrecord almost certainly needs root privileges to work correctly.
- One potential solution is to make the cdrecord and cdrdao binaries suid root,
- but this has possible security implications. The safest way to do that is
- to make those binaries suid root, owned by a specific group, and executable
- by only root and members of that group. For most people, the example below
- will be sufficient (but adjust as desired depending on your specific needs):
- chown root:cdrom /usr/bin/cdrecord /usr/bin/cdrdao
- chmod 4750 /usr/bin/cdrecord /usr/bin/cdrdao
- If you don't want all members of the 'cdrom' group to be able to execute the
- two suid binaries, then create a special group (such as 'burning' which is
- recommended by k3b), use it instead of 'cdrom' in the line above, and add
- to it only the users you wish to have access to cdrecord and cdrdao.
-
-Subpixel hinting in freetype has been enabled upstream by default, but you
- may adjust this in /etc/profile.d/freetype.{csh,sh}.
-
-Input methods for complex characters (CJK, which is shorthand for Chinese,
- Japanese, Korean) and other non-latin character sets have been added. These
- input methods use the SCIM (Smart Common Input Method) platform.
- The environment variables for SCIM support are set in /etc/profile.d/scim.sh
- The requirements for getting SCIM input methods to work in your X session
- are as follows:
- (1) Use a UTF-8 locale. Look in /etc/profile.d/lang.sh for setting your
- language to (for instance) en_US.UTF-8. As a word of warning: maybe you
- should leave root with a non-UTF-8 locale because you don't want root's
- commands to be misinterpreted. You can add the following line to your
- ~/.profile file to enable UTF-8 just for yourself:
- export LANG=en_US.UTF-8
- (2) Make the scim profile scripts executable. These will setup your
- environment correctly for the use of scim with X applications. Run:
- chmod +x /etc/profile.d/scim.*
- (3) Start the scim daemon as soon as your X session starts. The scim daemon
- must be active before any of your X applications. In KDE, you can add a
- shell script to the ~/.kde/Autostart folder that runs the command
- "scim -d". In XFCE you can add "scim -d" to the Autostarted Applications.
- If you boot your computer in runlevel 4 (the graphical XDM/KDM login)
- you can simply add the line "scim -d" to your ~/.xprofile file.
- This gives you a Desktop Environment independent way of starting scim.
- When scim is running, you will see a small keyboard icon in your system tray.
- Right-click it to enter SCIM Setup. In 'Global Setup' select your keyboard
- layout, and you are ready to start entering just about any language
- characters you wish! Press the magical key combo <Control><Space>
- in order to activate or deactivate SCIM input. The SCIM taskbar in the
- desktop's corner allows you to select a language. As you type, SCIM will show
- an overview of applicable character glyphs (if you are inputting complex
- characters like Japanese).