|author||Eric Hameleers <firstname.lastname@example.org>||2020-07-31 16:13:18 +0200|
|committer||Eric Hameleers <email@example.com>||2020-07-31 16:13:18 +0200|
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+# ------------------------------------------------------------------------- #
+# BIG FAT NOTICE: #
+# Alien's ktown is changing your Slackware-current system and replaces #
+# ConsoleKit2 with elogind. Read the instructions carefully! In short: #
+# - UPGRADE TO THE LATEST slackware-current first. #
+# - Then, REMOVE the ConsoleKit2 package (if it is still installed). #
+# - Finally, install or upgrade the KDE5 package set. #
+# - Ensure you put any *.new files into their correct locations #
+# (a 'slackpkg new-config' will help). #
+# - Reboot. #
+# ------------------------------------------------------------------------- #
+This is KDE 5_20.08 for Slackware, consisting of:
+KDE Frameworks 5.72.0, Plasma 5.19.4 and Applications 20.04.3;
+on top of Slackware's Qt 5.15.0.
+Upgrading from the previous 5_20.06 should be done with care, but since you
+should already have migrated to elogind, I do not expect anything will break.
+KDE-5_20.08 is meant to be installed on top of Slackware -current.
+It will *replace* any version of KDE 4 you might have installed!
+The Plasma 5 Desktop has gotten rid of its Qt4 legacy. Since the release of
+Applications 17.12 there's nothing left which is based on kdelibs4.
+Slackware-current has begun its slow adoptation of the Plasma5 dependencies.
+Most importantly, QT5 and its dependencies are already part of Slackware.
+What is the NEWS in this batch of updates:
+- In May we had the first release on Plasma5 on a PAM-ified Slackware, and
+ in June I went along and replaced ConsoleKit2 with elogind - a requirement
+ to make a KDE Plasma Wayland graphical session work.
+ * *
+ * Note that only one of the two (ConsoleKit2 or elogind) must be installed! *
+ * If you install ktown KDE-5_20.08 you need to remove ConsoleKit2! *
+ * *
+- The 'deps' section got a bit smaller again this month:
+ * pcaudiolib, espeak-ng, hack-fonts-ttf, noto-fonts-ttf, and
+ noto-cjk-fonts-ttf were moved into the actual Slackware distro;
+ * flite has been removed since Pat decided we will go with just espeak-ng;
+ * a new package 'pipewire' was added as a dependency for krfb and
+ * The elogind-aware dbus package was upgraded to match the Slackware version.
+ * Finally, qca-qt5 was upgraded and I recompiled mlt (to fix the broken
+ kdenlive) and speech-dispatcher.
+- Frameworks 5.72.0 is an incremental stability release, see also:
+ A new 'kdav' source tarball got added but that is actually the same package
+ you'll find in KDEPIM. Next batch, the actual kdav package will be built
+ from Frameworks sources.
+- Plasma 5.19.4 is an increment of the 5.19 cycle to add stability & fix bugs.
+ See https://kde.org/announcements/plasma-5.19.4 and if you want to
+ read more about the goals for 5.19 you should check out:
+- In plasma-extra I rebuilt sddm-qt5 to install man pages correctly, and
+ upgraded plasma-wayland-protocols and wacomtablet.
+- Applications 20.04.3 is an incremental bug fix release, see also
+- For applications-extra I updated digikam, krita, libktorrent and ktorrent,
+ and skanlite. Note that the size of the digikam source tarball 'blew up'
+ due to the addition of new neural network facial recognition data files,
+ but the actual package 'only' grew from 97 to 108 MB.
+Further points of interest:
+- There are a couple of *runtime* dependencies that I did not add to the
+ ktown repository, but you may want to consider installing them yourself:
+ * vlc - will give phonon another backend to select from.
+ * freerdp: access RDP servers through krdc.
+ * openconnect: support for Cisco's SSL VPN.
+ All of these can be found in my regular package repository.
+- There's no more need to install any KDE4 package from Slackware.
+- Lots of packages in the "deps" department are completely new to Slackware.
+ Since KDE 5 aka Plasma 5 is built on Qt5 (KDE 4 uses Qt4 as its base)
+ you'll find many Qt5 related packages. Also, in order for Qt4 and GTK based
+ applications to dock into the Plasma 5 system tray, more dependencies were
+ needed. Apart from updates to regular Slackware packages the new ones are:
+ accountsservice, autoconf-archive, cfitsio, cryptopp, cryfs, ddcutil,
+ dotconf, drumstick, dvdauthor, elogind , freecell-solver, frei0r-plugins,
+ grantlee-qt4, lensfun, libappindicator, libburn, libdbusmenu-gtk,
+ libdbusmenu-qt5, libdmtx, libindicator, libsass, md4c, mlt, opencv,
+ perl-path-tiny, perl-template-toolkit, polkit-qt5-1, python3-random2,
+ quazip, qca-qt5, qrencode, qtav, rttr, sassc, sni-qt, speech-dispatcher,
+ and vid.stab .
+ The phonon and poppler packages were extended so that they now support
+ Qt5 as well as Qt4. The gpgme package picked up Qt5 support.
+ Note that the SBo version of 'frei0r-plugins' package is called 'frei0r'.
+ If you have that SBo package installed, remove it.
+ Several 'deps' packages which used to be listed here, have already been
+ absorbed into Slackware. Let's hope the rest takes the same road soon.
+- KDEI is gone. The localizations are now embedded in each package and
+ no longer available as separate 'kdei' packages. This is a by design.
+ You will get all languages installed by default.
+Also explained in more detail below, upgrading to this KDE 5 is non-trivial.
+You will have to remove old KDE 4 packages manually.
+If this time you removed ConsoleKit2 and installed elogind, be sure to
+reboot your computer before attempting to login. Also be very sure that
+you moved all the *.new files into place before you reboot (the command
+'slackpkg new-config' can help you do that).
+If you had installed KDE 4 as your default desktop previously, the removal
+of KDE 4 packages will break the symbolic link '/etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc'.
+An attempt to run 'startx' in a console will fail with a black screen.
+After installing Plasma 5 for the first time, you need to run 'xwmconfig'
+and select 'xinitrc.plasma' as your desktop session.
+If you install a 32bit program on a 64bit Slackware computer with multilib
+and that program needs legacy system tray support (think of Steam for
+instance), you will have to grab the 32-bit version of Slackware's
+'libdbusmenu-qt' and my ktown-deps package 'sni-qt', and run the
+'convertpkg-compat32 -i' command on them to create 'compat32' versions
+of these packages. Then install both 'libdbusmenu-qt-compat32' and
+'sni-qt-compat32'. Those two are mandatory addons for displaying
+system tray icons of 32bit binaries in 64bit multilib Plasma5.
+You can start a Plasma Wayland session via SDDM (runlevel 4) by selecting it
+in the session drop-down menu.
+You can start a Plasma Wayland session at the console (runlevel 3) by
+executing the "startkwayland" command.
+Running a Wayland session using the proprietary NVIDIA driver is possible,
+see https://community.kde.org/Plasma/Wayland/Nvidia .
+There are still some quirks & glitches but no showstoppers.
+* Qt5 >= 5.15 is a requirement, luckily we already have that in Slackware.
+* You need to enable modesetting:
+ The output of "cat /sys/module/nvidia_drm/parameters/modeset" should be "Y".
+ If you get a "N", then you need to add the string "nvidia-drm.modeset=1"
+ to the kernel's boot commandline e.g. via the 'append' parameter in
+ (e)lilo.conf or syslinux.cfg, or via the 'linux' parameter of grub.cfg.
+* KWin needs to use EGLStreams for accelerated graphics support:
+ Create a profile script (e.g. /etc/profile.d/kwin.sh), make that script
+ executable and let it contain the single line:
+ export KWIN_DRM_USE_EGL_STREAMS=1
+ (or set this environment variable through any other means that you prefer).
+Install pre-compiled packages:
+In order to install or upgrade KDE 5, follow these steps:
+Make sure you are not running KDE or even X !
+If you are running an X session, log out first to return to the console.
+If your computer boots to runlevel 4 (graphical login) you first have to go
+back to runlevel 3 (console) after logging out. Press <Ctrl><Alt><F1> to
+switch to a console, logon there, and execute the command "init 3" to
+switch from runlevel 4 to 3, thereby effectively stopping X.
+If you still have a KDE 4 installed, it must be removed first. No clean
+upgrade path can be provided! Do as follows:
+If you have Slackware 14.2 or -current's default KDE 4.14.3 installed:
+ # removepkg /var/log/packages/*-4.14.3-*
+ # removepkg amarok
+ # removepkg kscreen
+ # removepkg kactivities
+ # removepkg kde-workspace
+ # removepkg kdeconnect-kde
+ # removepkg kdepim
+ # removepkg kdepimlibs
+ # removepkg kdev-python
+ # removepkg kdevelop-php
+ # removepkg kdevelop-php-docs
+ # removepkg libkscreen
+ # removepkg libmm-qt
+ # removepkg libnm-qt
+ # removepkg plasma-nm
+ # removepkg polkit-kde-agent-1
+ # removepkg polkit-kde-kcmodules-1
+ # removepkg wicd-kde
+ ... or instead of the above, simply run 'slackpkg remove kde'.
+Alternatively, in case you are already using an older release of my KDE 5
+packages, you need to look up that particular release in the list right below
+(for instance: KDE 5_20.02) and then apply the actions shown for that KDE 5
+release *and* all more recent releases, i.e. work your way back up to this
+paragraph. Note that some of the old KDE package names were obsoleted along
+the way, they were split up, renamed or integrated and that is the reason
+for some of the 'removepkg' lines you'll see below.
+Here we go:
+If you have my 'ktown' set of KDE 5_20.06 installed:
+- Upgrade to KDE 5_20.08
+ Remove the packages that no longer exist in KDE 5_20.08:
+ # removepkg flite
+ If you do need flite, consider building it from slackbuilds.org.
+If you have my 'ktown' set of KDE 5_20.05 installed:
+- UPGRADE TO THE LATEST slackware-current first.
+- Then, REMOVE ConsoleKit2:
+ # removepkg consoleKit2
+- Upgrade to KDE 5_20.06
+- Move the new X session files into place which SDDM uses to start your
+ login-session, but first check that you won't accidentally overwrite
+ any of your customizations:
+ # mv /usr/share/sddm/scripts/Xsession.new /usr/share/sddm/scripts/Xsession
+ # mv /usr/share/sddm/scripts/Xsetup.new /usr/share/sddm/scripts/Xsetup
+If you have my 'ktown' set of KDE 5_20.04 installed:
+- Upgrade to KDE 5_20.05
+ Remove the packages that no longer exist in KDE 5_20.05:
+ # removepkg python-enum34
+If you have my 'ktown' set of KDE 5_20.03 installed:
+- Upgrade to KDE 5_20.04
+ Remove the packages that no longer exist in KDE 5_20.04:
+ # removepkg kdeconnect-framework
+If you have my 'ktown' set of KDE 5_20.02 installed:
+- Upgrade to KDE 5_20.03
+ Remove the packages that no longer exist in KDE 5_20.03:
+ # removepkg OpenAL
+ # removepkg SDL_sound
+If you have my 'ktown' set of KDE 5_20.01 installed:
+- Upgrade to KDE 5_20.02
+ Remove the packages that no longer exist in KDE 5_20.02:
+ # removepkg polkit-kde-kcmodules-framework
+If you have my 'ktown' set of KDE 5_19.12 installed:
+- Really? A full re-install may be wiser.
+Proceed with installing/upgrading KDE 5 as outlined below.
+Instead of using the mirror host http://slackware.nl/alien-kde/ (its rsync URI
+is rsync://slackware.nl/mirrors/alien-kde/), you could choose the alternative
+mirror http://slackware.uk/people/alien-kde/ (its rsync URI is
+rsync://slackware.uk/people/alien-kde/) which is faster for some people.
+If you use 'slackpkg' to automate your upgrades, be sure to blacklist my
+custom packages or else slackpkg will always try to replace my packages
+with the stock Slackware versions if the package names are identical.
+As an example, you can add the following lines to the file
+"/etc/slackpkg/blacklist" to prevent this unintentional downgrading to KDE4:
+ # These three lines will blacklist all SBo, alien and multilib packages:
+If on the other hand you are using the 'slackpkg+' extension for slackpkg
+then your "/etc/slackpkg/blacklist" file should *not* contain the above
+lines! The slackpkg+ extension enables the use of 3rd-party repositories
+with slackpkg and then Plasma5 package upgrades will be handled properly.
+To make it easy for you, here is a one-line command that downloads the whole
+'5' directory (excluding the sources), with 32-bit and 64-bit packages.
+ # rsync -Hav rsync://slackware.nl/mirrors/alien-kde/current/latest/ latest/
+Or else, if you want to download packages for just one of the two supported
+architectures, you would run one of the following commands instead.
+If you want only the 64-bit packages:
+ # rsync -Hav --exclude=x86 rsync://slackware.nl/mirrors/alien-kde/current/latest/ latest/
+If you want only the 32-bit packages:
+ # rsync -Hav --exclude=x86_64 rsync://slackware.nl/mirrors/alien-kde/current/latest/ latest/
+Assuming you just downloaded the bits you want from the directory tree "latest"
+you must now change your current directory to where you found this README
+(which is the directory called 'latest'). If you used one of the above "rsync"
+commands then you can simply do:
+ # cd latest
+From within this directory, you run the following commands as root:
+ On Slackware 32-bit:
+ # upgradepkg --reinstall --install-new x86/deps/*.t?z
+ # upgradepkg --reinstall --install-new x86/kde/*/*.t?z
+ On Slackware 64-bit:
+ # upgradepkg --reinstall --install-new x86_64/deps/*.t?z
+ # upgradepkg --reinstall --install-new x86_64/kde/*/*.t?z
+ If you installed the slackpkg+ extension and configured a 'ktown' repository
+ with the label 'ktown' then the commands to upgrade would become:
+ # slackpkg update
+ # slackpkg install ktown
+ # slackpkg upgrade-all
+ The first command fetches the repository metadata from the remote server(s);
+ The second command installs any new package that was added to the repository;
+ And the third command will upgrade all installed packages, including the
+ 'ktown' packages, to their latest versions in the repositories.
+Check if any ".new" configuration files have been left behind by
+the upgradepkg commands. Compare them to their originals and decide
+if you need to use them.
+ # find /etc/ -name "*.new"
+A graphical (ncurses) tool for processing these "*.new" files is slackpkg:
+ # slackpkg new-config
+Then reboot your system.
+If this is the first time you run Plasma5, and you enable Baloo file indexing,
+be aware that Baloo will tax your CPU fairly heavily for a while as it indexes
+the content of the files on your hard disk.
+After this initial indexing operation finishes (could take several hours),
+Baloo will get out of your way and stay there.
+This is why indexing is disabled by default.
+If all you want is to install the packages I created, then you can skip the
+remainder of the README which details how to (re)compile the packages from
+their sources; it is not required reading material.
+Building it all from source:
+Sources and scripts are separated from the packages in my 'ktown' repository.
+If you want the sources for KDE 5, run the following command to download them
+(downloading from a mirror will usually be much faster):
+ # rsync -Hav rsync://slackware.nl/mirrors/alien-kde/source/latest/ sources/
+There are a lot of 'dependencies' for KDE 5 which you'll have to compile and
+install before attempting to compile KDE 5. Compiling and installing these
+dependencies on Slackware-current is hopefully (have not tested the script
+'alldeps.SlackBuild' in a long time) as easy as this:
+ # cd sources/deps
+ # ./alldeps.SlackBuild
+ # cd -
+The finished packages will be stored in /tmp and will already have been
+Then if you want to compile the KDE packages on your computer, run:
+ # cd sources/kde
+ # ./kde.SlackBuild
+Wait a long time, and you will find the new packages in /tmp/kde_build .
+Note that these packages will already have been installed by kde.SlackBuild !
+Reboot your computer and login to a Plasma session.
+ Eric Hameleers / alien at slackware dot com / 01-aug-2020