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-<tr>
-<th colspan="3" align="center">Slackware Linux Essentials</th>
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-<td width="10%" align="left" valign="bottom"><a href="package-management.html"
-accesskey="P">Prev</a></td>
-<td width="80%" align="center" valign="bottom">Chapter 18 Slackware Package
-Management</td>
-<td width="10%" align="right" valign="bottom"><a
-href="package-management-making-packages.html" accesskey="N">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
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-<hr align="LEFT" width="100%" />
-</div>
-
-<div class="SECT1">
-<h1 class="SECT1"><a id="PACKAGE-MANAGEMENT-PACKAGE-UTILITIES"
-name="PACKAGE-MANAGEMENT-PACKAGE-UTILITIES">18.2 Package Utilities</a></h1>
-
-<p>There are four main utilities for package management. They perform installation,
-removal, and upgrades of packages.</p>
-
-<div class="SECT2">
-<h2 class="SECT2"><a id="PACKAGE-MANAGEMENT-PACKAGE-UTILITIES-PKGTOOL"
-name="PACKAGE-MANAGEMENT-PACKAGE-UTILITIES-PKGTOOL">18.2.1 pkgtool</a></h2>
-
-<p><tt class="COMMAND">pkgtool</tt>(8) is a menu-driven program that allows installation
-and removal of packages. The main menu is shown in <a
-href="package-management-package-utilities.html#PKGTOOL-MAIN-MENU">Figure 18-1</a>.</p>
-
-<div class="FIGURE"><a id="PKGTOOL-MAIN-MENU" name="PKGTOOL-MAIN-MENU"></a>
-<p><b>Figure 18-1. Pkgtool's main menu.</b></p>
-
-<p><img src="package-management/pkgtool-w.png" /></p>
-</div>
-
-<p>Installation is offered from the current directory, another directory, or from floppy
-disks. Simply select the installation method you want and pkgtool will search that
-location for valid packages to install.</p>
-
-<p>You may also view a list of installed packages, as shown in <a
-href="package-management-package-utilities.html#PKGTOOL-VIEW-MODE">Figure 18-2</a>.</p>
-
-<div class="FIGURE"><a id="PKGTOOL-VIEW-MODE" name="PKGTOOL-VIEW-MODE"></a>
-<p><b>Figure 18-2. Pkgtool view mode</b></p>
-
-<p><img src="package-management/pkgtool-view-w.png" /></p>
-</div>
-
-<p>If you want to remove packages, select the remove option and you will be presented
-with a checklist of all the installed packages. Flag the ones you want to remove and
-select OK. <tt class="COMMAND">pkgtool</tt> will remove them.</p>
-
-<p>Some users prefer this utility to the command line utilities. However, it should be
-noted that the command line utilities offer many more options. Also, the ability to
-upgrade packages is only offered through the command line utilities.</p>
-</div>
-
-<div class="SECT2">
-<h2 class="SECT2"><a id="PACKAGE-MANAGEMENT-PACKAGE-UTILITIES-INSTALLPKG"
-name="PACKAGE-MANAGEMENT-PACKAGE-UTILITIES-INSTALLPKG">18.2.2 installpkg</a></h2>
-
-<p><tt class="COMMAND">installpkg</tt>(8) handles installation of new packages on the
-system. The syntax is as follows:</p>
-
-<table border="0" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" width="100%">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<pre class="SCREEN">
-<samp class="PROMPT">#</samp> <kbd class="USERINPUT">installpkg option package_name</kbd>
-</pre>
-</td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-
-<p>Three options are provided for <tt class="COMMAND">installpkg</tt>. Only one option
-can be used at a time.</p>
-
-<div class="TABLE"><a id="AEN6446" name="AEN6446"></a>
-<p><b>Table 18-1. <tt class="COMMAND">installpkg</tt> Options</b></p>
-
-<table border="0" frame="void" class="CALSTABLE">
-<col width="1*" />
-<col width="3*" />
-<thead>
-<tr>
-<th align="LEFT">Option</th>
-<th align="LEFT">Effects</th>
-</tr>
-</thead>
-
-<tbody>
-<tr>
-<td>-m</td>
-<td>Performs a makepkg operation on the current directory.</td>
-</tr>
-
-<tr>
-<td>-warn</td>
-<td>Shows what would happen if you installed the specified package. This is useful for
-production systems so you can see exactly what would happen before installing
-something.</td>
-</tr>
-
-<tr>
-<td>-r</td>
-<td>Recursively install all packages in the current directory and down. The package name
-can use wildcards, which would be used as the search mask when recursively
-installing.</td>
-</tr>
-</tbody>
-</table>
-</div>
-
-<p>If you pass the <tt class="ENVAR">ROOT</tt> environment variable before <tt
-class="COMMAND">installpkg</tt>, that path will be used for the root directory. This is
-useful for setting up new drives for your root directory. They will typically be mounted
-to <tt class="FILENAME">/mnt</tt> or something other than <tt
-class="FILENAME">/</tt>.</p>
-
-<p>The installed package database entry is stored in <tt
-class="FILENAME">/var/log/packages</tt>. The entry is really just a plain text file, one
-for each package. If the package has a postinstallation script, it is written to <tt
-class="FILENAME">/var/log/scripts/</tt>.</p>
-
-<p>You may specify several packages or use wildcards for the package name. Be advised
-that <tt class="COMMAND">installpkg</tt> will not tell you if you are overwriting an
-installed package. It will simply install right on top of the old one. If you want to
-ensure that old files from the previous package are safely removed, use <tt
-class="COMMAND">upgradepkg</tt>.</p>
-</div>
-
-<div class="SECT2">
-<h2 class="SECT2"><a id="PACKAGE-MANAGEMENT-PACKAGE-UTILITIES-REMOVEPKG"
-name="PACKAGE-MANAGEMENT-PACKAGE-UTILITIES-REMOVEPKG">18.2.3 removepkg</a></h2>
-
-<p><tt class="COMMAND">removepkg</tt>(8) handles removing installed packages from the
-system. The syntax is as follows:</p>
-
-<table border="0" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" width="100%">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<pre class="SCREEN">
-<samp class="PROMPT">#</samp> <kbd class="USERINPUT">removepkg option package_name</kbd>
-</pre>
-</td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-
-<p>Four options are provided for <tt class="COMMAND">removepkg</tt>. Only one option may
-be used at a time.</p>
-
-<div class="TABLE"><a id="AEN6491" name="AEN6491"></a>
-<p><b>Table 18-2. <tt class="COMMAND">removepkg</tt> Options</b></p>
-
-<table border="0" frame="void" class="CALSTABLE">
-<col width="1*" />
-<col width="3*" />
-<thead>
-<tr>
-<th>Option</th>
-<th>Effects</th>
-</tr>
-</thead>
-
-<tbody>
-<tr>
-<td>-copy</td>
-<td>The package is copied to the preserved packages directory. This creates a tree of the
-original package without removing it.</td>
-</tr>
-
-<tr>
-<td>-keep</td>
-<td>Saves temporary files created during the removal. Really only useful for debugging
-purposes.</td>
-</tr>
-
-<tr>
-<td>-preserve</td>
-<td>The package is removed, but copied to the preserved packages directory at the same
-time.</td>
-</tr>
-
-<tr>
-<td>-warn</td>
-<td>Shows what would happen if you removed the package.</td>
-</tr>
-</tbody>
-</table>
-</div>
-
-<p>If you pass the <tt class="ENVAR">ROOT</tt> environment variable before <tt
-class="COMMAND">removepkg</tt>, that path will be used for the root directory. This is
-useful for setting up new drives for your root directory. They will typically be mounted
-to <tt class="FILENAME">/mnt</tt> or something other than <tt
-class="FILENAME">/</tt>.</p>
-
-<p><tt class="COMMAND">removepkg</tt> looks at the other installed packages and only
-removes files unique to the package you specify. It will also scan the postinstallation
-script for the specified package and remove any symbolic links that were created by
-it.</p>
-
-<p>During the removal process, a status report is displayed. After the removal, the
-package database entry is moved to <tt class="FILENAME">/var/log/removed_packages</tt>
-and the postinstallation script is moved to <tt
-class="FILENAME">/var/log/removed</tt>_scripts.</p>
-
-<p>Just as with <tt class="COMMAND">installpkg</tt>, you can specify several packages or
-use wildcards for the package name.</p>
-</div>
-
-<div class="SECT2">
-<h2 class="SECT2"><a id="PACKAGE-MANAGEMENT-PACKAGE-UTILITIES-UPGRADEPKG"
-name="PACKAGE-MANAGEMENT-PACKAGE-UTILITIES-UPGRADEPKG">18.2.4 upgradepkg</a></h2>
-
-<p><tt class="COMMAND">upgradepkg</tt>(8) will upgrade an installed Slackware package.
-The syntax is as follows:</p>
-
-<table border="0" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" width="100%">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<pre class="SCREEN">
-<samp class="PROMPT">#</samp> <kbd class="USERINPUT">upgradepkg package_name</kbd>
-</pre>
-</td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-
-<p>or</p>
-
-<table border="0" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" width="100%">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<pre class="SCREEN">
-<samp class="PROMPT">#</samp> <kbd
-class="USERINPUT">upgradepkg old_package_name%new_package_name</kbd>
-</pre>
-</td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-
-<p><tt class="COMMAND">upgradepkg</tt> works by first installing the new package and then
-removing the old package so that old files are no longer around on the system. If the
-upgraded package name has changed, use the percent sign syntax to specify the old package
-(the one that is installed) and the new package (the one you are upgrading it to).</p>
-
-<p>If you pass the <tt class="ENVAR">ROOT</tt> environment variable before <tt
-class="COMMAND">upgradepkg</tt>, that path will be used for the root directory. This is
-useful for setting up new drives for your root directory. They will typically be mounted
-to <tt class="FILENAME">/mnt</tt> or something other than <tt
-class="FILENAME">/</tt>.</p>
-
-<p><tt class="COMMAND">upgradepkg</tt> is not flawless. You should always back up your
-configuration files. If they get removed or overwritten, you'll want a copy of the
-originals for any needed repair work.</p>
-
-<p>Just as with <tt class="COMMAND">installpkg</tt> and <tt
-class="COMMAND">removepkg</tt>, you can specify several packages or use wildcards for the
-package name.</p>
-</div>
-
-<div class="SECT2">
-<h2 class="SECT2"><a id="PACKAGE-MANAGEMENT-PACKAGE-UTILITIES-RPM"
-name="PACKAGE-MANAGEMENT-PACKAGE-UTILITIES-RPM">18.2.5 <tt
-class="COMMAND">rpm2tgz</tt>/<tt class="COMMAND">rpm2targz</tt></a></h2>
-
-<p>The Red Hat Package Manager is a popular packaging system available today. Many
-software distributors are offering their products in RPM format. Since this is not our
-native format, we do not recommend people rely on them. However, some things are only
-available as an RPM (even the source).</p>
-
-<p>We provide a program that will convert RPM packages to our native <tt
-class="FILENAME">.tgz</tt> format. This will allow you to extract the package (perhaps
-with <tt class="COMMAND">explodepkg</tt>) to a temporary directory and examine its
-contents.</p>
-
-<p>The <tt class="COMMAND">rpm2tgz</tt> program will create a Slackware package with a
-<tt class="FILENAME">.tgz</tt> extension, while <tt class="FILENAME">rpm2targz</tt>
-creates an archive with a <tt class="FILENAME">.tar.gz</tt> extension.</p>
-</div>
-</div>
-
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-<hr align="LEFT" width="100%" />
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