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author Patrick J Volkerding <volkerdi@slackware.com>2018-05-25 23:29:36 +0000
committer Eric Hameleers <alien@slackware.com>2018-06-01 00:36:01 +0200
commit39366733c3fe943363566756e2e152c45a1b3cb2 (patch)
tree228b0735896af90ca78151c9a69aa3efd12c8cae /slackbook/html/x-window-system.html
parentd31c50870d0bee042ce660e445c9294a59a3a65b (diff)
downloadcurrent-14.2.tar.gz
current-14.2.tar.xz
Fri May 25 23:29:36 UTC 201814.2
patches/packages/glibc-zoneinfo-2018e-noarch-2_slack14.2.txz: Rebuilt. Handle removal of US/Pacific-New timezone. If we see that the machine is using this, it will be automatically switched to US/Pacific.
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-<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
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-<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
-<head>
-<meta name="generator" content="HTML Tidy, see www.w3.org" />
-<title>X Configuration</title>
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-<tr>
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-<div class="CHAPTER">
-<h1><a id="X-WINDOW-SYSTEM" name="X-WINDOW-SYSTEM"></a>Chapter 6 X Configuration</h1>
-
-<div class="TOC">
-<dl>
-<dt><b>Table of Contents</b></dt>
-
-<dt>6.1 <a href="x-window-system.html#X-WINDOW-SYSTEM-XORGCONFIG"><tt
-class="COMMAND">xorgconfig</tt></a></dt>
-
-<dt>6.2 <a href="x-window-system-xorgsetup.html"><tt
-class="COMMAND">xorgsetup</tt></a></dt>
-
-<dt>6.3 <a href="x-window-system-xinitrc.html">xinitrc</a></dt>
-
-<dt>6.4 <a href="x-window-system-xwmconfig.html"><tt
-class="COMMAND">xwmconfig</tt></a></dt>
-
-<dt>6.5 <a href="x-window-system-xdm.html"><tt class="COMMAND">xdm</tt></a></dt>
-</dl>
-</div>
-
-<p>Starting with Slackware-10.0, the X Window environment in Slackware is provided by
-Xorg. X is responsible for providing a graphical user interface. It is independent from
-the operating system, unlike Windows or the MacOS.</p>
-
-<p>The X Window System is implemented through many programs that run in userland. The two
-main components are the server and the window manager. The server provides the lowlevel
-functions for interacting with your video hardware, thus it is system specific. The
-window manager sits on top of the server and provides the user interface. The advantage
-to this is you can have many different graphical interfaces by simply changing the window
-manager you use.</p>
-
-<p>Configuring X can be a complex task. The reason for this is the vast numbers of video
-cards available for the PC architecture, most of which use different programming
-interfaces. Luckily, most cards today support basic video standards known as VESA, and if
-your card is among them you'll be able to start X using the <tt
-class="COMMAND">startx</tt> command right out of the box.</p>
-
-<p>If this doesn't work with your card, or if you'd like to take advantage of the
-high-performance features of your video card such as hardware acceleration or 3-D
-hardware rendering, then you'll need to reconfigure X.</p>
-
-<p>To configure X, you'll need to make an <tt class="FILENAME">/etc/X11/xorg.conf</tt>
-file. This file contains lots of details about your video hardware, mouse, and monitor.
-It's a very complex configuration file, but fortunately there are several programs to
-help create one for you. We'll mention a few of them here.</p>
-
-<div class="SECT1">
-<h1 class="SECT1"><a id="X-WINDOW-SYSTEM-XORGCONFIG"
-name="X-WINDOW-SYSTEM-XORGCONFIG">6.1 <tt class="COMMAND">xorgconfig</tt></a></h1>
-
-<p>This is a simple menu driven frontend that's similar in feel to the Slackware
-installer. It simply tells the X server to take a look at the card, and then set up the
-best initial configuration file it can make based on the information it gathers. The
-generated <tt class="FILENAME">/etc/X11/xorg.conf</tt> file should be a good starting
-point for most systems (and should work without modification).</p>
-
-<p>This is a text-based X configuration program that's designed for the advanced system
-administrator. Here's a sample walkthrough using <tt class="COMMAND">xorgconfig</tt>.
-First, start the program:</p>
-
-<table border="0" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" width="100%">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<pre class="SCREEN">
-<samp class="PROMPT">#</samp> <kbd class="USERINPUT">xorgconfig</kbd>
-</pre>
-</td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-
-<p>This will present a screenful of information about <tt
-class="COMMAND">xorgconfig</tt>. To continue, press <kbd class="USERINPUT">ENTER</kbd>.
-<tt class="COMMAND">xorgconfig</tt> will ask you to verify you have set your <tt
-class="ENVAR">PATH</tt> correctly. It should be fine, so go ahead and hit <kbd
-class="USERINPUT">ENTER</kbd>.</p>
-
-<div class="FIGURE"><a id="X-WINDOW-SYSTEM-1" name="X-WINDOW-SYSTEM-1"></a>
-<p><b>Figure 6-1. <tt class="COMMAND">xorgconfig</tt> Mouse Configuration</b></p>
-
-<p><img src="x-window-system/xorgconfig1-w.png" /></p>
-</div>
-
-<p>Select your mouse from the menu presented. If you don't see your serial mouse listed,
-pick the Microsoft protocol -- it's the most common and will probably work. Next <tt
-class="COMMAND">xorgconfig</tt> will ask you about using <var
-class="OPTION">ChordMiddle</var> and <var class="OPTION">Emulate3Buttons</var>. You'll
-see these options described in detail on the screen. Use them if the middle button on
-your mouse doesn't work under X, or if your mouse only has two buttons (<var
-class="OPTION">Emulate3Buttons</var> lets you simulate the middle button by pressing both
-buttons simultaneously). Then, enter the name of your mouse device. The default choice,
-<tt class="FILENAME">/dev/mouse</tt>, should work since the link was configured during
-Slackware setup. If you're running GPM (the Linux mouse server) in repeater mode, you can
-set your mouse type to <tt class="FILENAME">/dev/gpmdata</tt> to have X get information
-about the mouse through <tt class="COMMAND">gpm</tt>. In some cases (with busmice
-especially) this can work better, but most users shouldn't do this.</p>
-
-<p><tt class="COMMAND">xorgconfig</tt> will ask you about enabling special key bindings.
-If you need this say &#8220;<kbd class="USERINPUT">y</kbd>&#8221;. Most users can say
-&#8220;<kbd class="USERINPUT">n</kbd>&#8221; -- enter this if you're not sure.</p>
-
-<div class="FIGURE"><a id="X-WINDOW-SYSTEM-2" name="X-WINDOW-SYSTEM-2"></a>
-<p><b>Figure 6-2. <tt class="COMMAND">xorgconfig</tt> Horizontal Sync</b></p>
-
-<p><img src="x-window-system/xorgconfig2-w.png" /></p>
-</div>
-
-<p>In the next section you enter the sync range for your monitor. To start configuring
-your monitor, press <kbd class="USERINPUT">ENTER</kbd>. You will see a list of monitor
-types -- choose one of them. Be careful not to exceed the specifications of your monitor.
-Doing so could damage your hardware.</p>
-
-<div class="FIGURE"><a id="X-WINDOW-SYSTEM-3" name="X-WINDOW-SYSTEM-3"></a>
-<p><b>Figure 6-3. <tt class="COMMAND">xorgconfig</tt> Vertical Sync</b></p>
-
-<p><img src="x-window-system/xorgconfig3-w.png" /></p>
-</div>
-
-<p>Specify the vertical sync range for your monitor (you should find this in the manual
-for the monitor). xorgconfig will ask you to enter strings to identify the monitor type
-in the <tt class="FILENAME">xorg.conf</tt> file. Enter anything you like on these 3 lines
-(including nothing at all).</p>
-
-<div class="FIGURE"><a id="X-WINDOW-SYSTEM-4" name="X-WINDOW-SYSTEM-4"></a>
-<p><b>Figure 6-4. <tt class="COMMAND">xorgconfig</tt> Video Card</b></p>
-
-<p><img src="x-window-system/xorgconfig4-w.png" /></p>
-</div>
-
-<p>Now you have the opportunity to look at the database of video card types. You'll want
-to do this, so say &#8220;<kbd class="USERINPUT">y</kbd>&#8221;, and select a card from
-the list shown. If you don't see your exact card, try selecting one that uses the same
-chipset and it will probably work fine.</p>
-
-<p>Next, tell <tt class="COMMAND">xorgconfig</tt> how much RAM you have on your video
-card. <tt class="COMMAND">xorgconfig</tt> will want you to enter some more descriptive
-text about your video card. If you like, you can enter descriptions on these three
-lines.</p>
-
-<p>You'll then be asked which display resolutions you want to use. Again, going with the
-provided defaults should be fine to start with. Later on, you can edit the <tt
-class="FILENAME">/etc/X11/xorg.conf</tt> file and rearrange the modes so 1024x768 (or
-whatever mode you like) is the default.</p>
-
-<p>At this point, the <tt class="COMMAND">xorgconfig</tt> program will ask if you'd like
-to save the current configuration file. Answer yes, and the X configuration file is
-saved, completing the setup process. You can start X now with the <tt
-class="COMMAND">startx</tt> command.</p>
-</div>
-</div>
-
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-<hr align="LEFT" width="100%" />
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-<td width="34%" align="center" valign="top">&nbsp;</td>
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