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author Patrick J Volkerding <volkerdi@slackware.com>2011-04-25 13:37:00 +0000
committer Eric Hameleers <alien@slackware.com>2018-05-31 22:45:18 +0200
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Slackware 13.37slackware-13.37
Mon Apr 25 13:37:00 UTC 2011 Slackware 13.37 x86_64 stable is released! Thanks to everyone who pitched in on this release: the Slackware team, the folks producing upstream code, and linuxquestions.org for providing a great forum for collaboration and testing. The ISOs are off to be replicated, a 6 CD-ROM 32-bit set and a dual-sided 32-bit/64-bit x86/x86_64 DVD. Please consider supporting the Slackware project by picking up a copy from store.slackware.com. We're taking pre-orders now, and offer a discount if you sign up for a subscription. As always, thanks to the Slackware community for testing, suggestions, and feedback. :-) Have fun!
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+<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
+ "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
+<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
+<head>
+<meta name="generator" content="HTML Tidy, see www.w3.org" />
+<title>The setup Program</title>
+<meta name="GENERATOR" content="Modular DocBook HTML Stylesheet Version 1.7" />
+<link rel="HOME" title="Slackware Linux Essentials" href="index.html" />
+<link rel="UP" title="Installation" href="installation.html" />
+<link rel="PREVIOUS" title="Partitioning" href="installation-partitioning.html" />
+<link rel="NEXT" title="System Configuration" href="system-configuration.html" />
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+alink="#0000FF">
+<div class="NAVHEADER">
+<table summary="Header navigation table" width="100%" border="0" cellpadding="0"
+cellspacing="0">
+<tr>
+<th colspan="3" align="center">Slackware Linux Essentials</th>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td width="10%" align="left" valign="bottom"><a href="installation-partitioning.html"
+accesskey="P">Prev</a></td>
+<td width="80%" align="center" valign="bottom">Chapter 3 Installation</td>
+<td width="10%" align="right" valign="bottom"><a href="system-configuration.html"
+accesskey="N">Next</a></td>
+</tr>
+</table>
+
+<hr align="LEFT" width="100%" />
+</div>
+
+<div class="SECT1">
+<h1 class="SECT1"><a id="INSTALLATION-SETUP" name="INSTALLATION-SETUP">3.4 The <tt
+class="COMMAND">setup</tt> Program</a></h1>
+
+<p>Once you have created your partitions, you are ready to install Slackware. The next
+step in the installation process is running the <tt class="COMMAND">setup</tt>(8)
+program. To do so, simply type <tt class="COMMAND">setup</tt> at the shell prompt. <tt
+class="COMMAND">setup</tt> is a menu-driven system for actually installing the Slackware
+packages and configuring your system.</p>
+
+<div class="INFORMALFIGURE"><a id="AEN981" name="AEN981"></a>
+<p><img src="installation/setup-program-w.png" /></p>
+</div>
+
+<p>The setup process goes something like this: You step through each option in the <tt
+class="COMMAND">setup</tt> program, in the order they are listed. (Of course, you are
+free to do things in almost any order you choose, but chances are it isn't going to work
+out very well.) Menu items are selected using the up and down arrow keys, and the
+&#8220;Okay&#8221; and &#8220;Cancel&#8221; buttons can be chosen by using the left and
+right arrow keys. Alternatively, each option has a corresponding key, which is
+highlighted in the option name. Options which are flaggable (those indicated with a <var
+class="LITERAL">[X]</var>) are toggled using the spacebar.</p>
+
+<p>Of course, all of that is described in the &#8220;help&#8221; section of <tt
+class="COMMAND">setup</tt>, but we believe in giving our readers their money's worth.</p>
+
+<div class="SECT2">
+<h2 class="SECT2"><a id="AEN993" name="AEN993">3.4.1 HELP</a></h2>
+
+<p>If this is your first time installing Slackware, you might want to take a look at the
+help screen. It will give a description of each part of <tt class="COMMAND">setup</tt>
+(much like the one we're writing now, but less involved) and instructions for navigating
+the rest of the install.</p>
+
+<div class="INFORMALFIGURE"><a id="AEN997" name="AEN997"></a>
+<p><img src="installation/setup-help-w.png" /></p>
+</div>
+</div>
+
+<div class="SECT2">
+<h2 class="SECT2"><a id="AEN1001" name="AEN1001">3.4.2 KEYMAP</a></h2>
+
+<p>If you require a keymap other than the United States &#8220;qwerty&#8221; layout, you
+may want to take a look at this section. It offers a number of alternate layouts for your
+keyboarding enjoyment.</p>
+
+<div class="INFORMALFIGURE"><a id="AEN1009" name="AEN1009"></a>
+<p><img src="installation/setup-keymap-w.png" /></p>
+</div>
+</div>
+
+<div class="SECT2">
+<h2 class="SECT2"><a id="AEN1013" name="AEN1013">3.4.3 ADDSWAP</a></h2>
+
+<div class="INFORMALFIGURE"><a id="AEN1015" name="AEN1015"></a>
+<p><img src="installation/setup-swap-w.png" /></p>
+</div>
+
+<p>If you created a swap partition (back in <a
+href="installation-partitioning.html">Section 3.3</a>), this section will allow you to
+enable it. It will autodetect and display the swap partitions on your hard drive,
+allowing you to select one to format and enable.</p>
+</div>
+
+<div class="SECT2">
+<h2 class="SECT2"><a id="AEN1023" name="AEN1023">3.4.4 TARGET</a></h2>
+
+<div class="INFORMALFIGURE"><a id="AEN1025" name="AEN1025"></a>
+<p><img src="installation/setup-target-w.png" /></p>
+</div>
+
+<p>The target section is where your other (non-swap) partitions are formatted and mapped
+to filesystem mount points. A list of the partitions on your hard disk will be displayed.
+For each partition, you will be given the option of whether to format that partition or
+not. Depending on the kernel used, you can choose between reiserfs (the default), ext3,
+ext2, jfs, and xfs. Most people use either reiserfs or ext3. In the near future we may
+see support for reiserfs4 slip in.</p>
+
+<p>The first option in the target section is the selection of a partition on which to
+install your root (<tt class="FILENAME">/</tt>) filesystem. After that, you will be able
+to map other partitions to filesystems as you choose. (For instance, you may want your
+third partition, say <tt class="FILENAME">/dev/hda3</tt>, to be your home filesystem.
+This is just an example; map the partitions as you see fit.)</p>
+</div>
+
+<div class="SECT2">
+<h2 class="SECT2"><a id="AEN1035" name="AEN1035">3.4.5 SOURCE</a></h2>
+
+<p>The source section is where you select the source media from which you are installing
+Slackware. Currently there are four sources to choose from. These are CD-ROM, NFS, or a
+premounted directory.</p>
+
+<div class="INFORMALFIGURE"><a id="AEN1038" name="AEN1038"></a>
+<p><img src="installation/setup-source-w.png" /></p>
+</div>
+
+<p>The CD-ROM selection enables a CD-ROM based installation. It will offer the option of
+scanning for a CD-ROM drive or displaying a list from which you can pick your drive type.
+Make sure you have the Slackware CD in your drive before allowing it to scan.</p>
+
+<p>The NFS selection prompts for your network information and the network information for
+your NFS server. The NFS server must be set up in advance. Also note that you cannot use
+hostnames, you must use the IP addresses for both your machine and the NFS server (there
+is no name resolver on the setup disk). Naturally you must have used the <tt
+class="FILENAME">network.dsk</tt> floppy to add support for your network controller.</p>
+
+<p>The premounted directory offers the most flexibility. You can use this method to
+install from things such as Jaz disks, NFS mounts over PLIP, and FAT filesystems. Mount
+the filesystem to a location of your choosing before running setup, then specify that
+location here.</p>
+</div>
+
+<div class="SECT2">
+<h2 class="SECT2"><a id="AEN1054" name="AEN1054">3.4.6 SELECT</a></h2>
+
+<p>The select option allows you to select the software series that you wish to install.
+These series are described in <a
+href="installation-requirements.html#INSTALLATION-SOFTWARE-SERIES">Section 3.2.1</a>.
+Please note that you must install the A series to have a working base system. All other
+series are optional.</p>
+
+<div class="INFORMALFIGURE"><a id="AEN1058" name="AEN1058"></a>
+<p><img src="installation/setup-select-w.png" /></p>
+</div>
+</div>
+
+<div class="SECT2">
+<h2 class="SECT2"><a id="AEN1062" name="AEN1062">3.4.7 INSTALL</a></h2>
+
+<p>Assuming that you have gone through the &#8220;target&#8221;, &#8220;source&#8221;,
+and &#8220;select&#8221; options, the <var class="OPTION">install</var> option will allow
+you to select packages from your chosen software series. If not, it will prompt you to go
+back and complete the other sections of the setup program. This option allows you to
+select from six different installation methods: <var class="OPTION">full</var>, <var
+class="OPTION">newbie</var>, <var class="OPTION">menu</var>, <var
+class="OPTION">expert</var>, <var class="OPTION">custom</var>, and <var
+class="OPTION">tag path</var>.</p>
+
+<div class="INFORMALFIGURE"><a id="AEN1077" name="AEN1077"></a>
+<p><img src="installation/setup-install-w.png" /></p>
+</div>
+
+<p>The <var class="OPTION">full</var> option will install every package from all the
+software series that you chose in the &#8220;select&#8221; section. There is no further
+prompting. This is the easiest installation method, since you do not need to make any
+decisions on the actual packages to install. Of course, this option also takes up the
+most hard drive space.</p>
+
+<p>The next option is <var class="OPTION">newbie</var>. This option installs all of the
+required packages in the selected series. For all other packages, it offers a prompt
+where you can select &#8220;Yes&#8221;, &#8220;No&#8221;, or &#8220;Skip&#8221;. Yes and
+No do the obvious, while Skip will go ahead to the next software series. Additionally,
+you will see a description and size requirement for each package to help you decide if
+you need it. We recommend this option for new users, as it ensures that you get all the
+required packages installed. However, it is a little slow because of the prompting.</p>
+
+<p><var class="OPTION">Menu</var> is a faster and more advanced version of the newbie
+option. For each series, a menu is displayed, from which you can select all the
+non-required packages you want to install. Required packages are not displayed on this
+menu.</p>
+
+<p>For the more advanced user, install offers the <var class="OPTION">expert</var>
+option. This allows you complete control over what packages get installed. You can
+deselect packages that are absolutely required, resulting in a broken system. On the
+other hand, you can control exactly what goes onto your system. Simply select the
+packages from each series that you want installed. This is not recommended for the new
+user, as it is quite easy to shoot yourself in the foot.</p>
+
+<p>The <var class="OPTION">custom</var> and <var class="OPTION">tag path</var> options
+are also for advanced users. These options allow you to install based upon custom tag
+files that you created in the distribution tree. This is useful for installing to large
+numbers of machines fairly quickly. For more information on using tag files, see <a
+href="package-management-making-tags-and-tagfiles.html">Section 18.4</a>.</p>
+
+<p>After selecting your installation method, one of a few things will happen. If you
+selected full or menu, a menu screen will appear, allowing you to select the packages to
+be installed. If you selected full, packages will immediately start getting installed to
+the target. If you selected newbie, packages will be installed until an optional package
+is reached.</p>
+
+<p>Note that it is possible to run out of space while installing. If you selected too
+many packages for the amount of free space on the target device, you will have problems.
+The safest thing to do is to select some software and add more later, if you need it.
+This can easily be done using Slackware's package management tools. For this information,
+see <a href="package-management.html">Chapter 18</a>.</p>
+</div>
+
+<div class="SECT2">
+<h2 class="SECT2"><a id="AEN1100" name="AEN1100">3.4.8 CONFIGURE</a></h2>
+
+<p>The configure section allows you to do some basic system configuration, now that the
+packages have been installed. What you see here depends in large part upon which software
+you have installed. You will, however, always see the following:</p>
+
+<div class="SECT3">
+<h3 class="SECT3"><a id="AEN1103" name="AEN1103">3.4.8.1 Kernel selection</a></h3>
+
+<p>Here you will be asked to select a kernel to install. You can install the kernel from
+the boot disk you used to install, the Slackware CD-ROM, or from another floppy which you
+(always thinking ahead) have prepared. Or you can elect to skip, in which case the
+default kernel will be installed and play will continue to the dealer's left.</p>
+
+<div class="INFORMALFIGURE"><a id="AEN1106" name="AEN1106"></a>
+<p><img src="installation/setup-kernel-w.png" /></p>
+</div>
+</div>
+
+<div class="SECT3">
+<h3 class="SECT3"><a id="AEN1110" name="AEN1110">3.4.8.2 Make a boot disk</a></h3>
+
+<p>Making a boot disk for future use is probably a good idea. You will have the option of
+formatting a floppy and then creating one of two types of boot disk. The first type, <var
+class="OPTION">simple</var>, simply (go figure) writes a kernel to the floppy. A more
+flexible (and highly recommended) option is <var class="OPTION">lilo</var>, which will of
+course create a lilo boot disk. See LILO in <a href="booting.html#BOOTING-LILO">Section
+7.1</a> for more information. Of course, you may also choose to simply <var
+class="LITERAL">continue</var>, in which case no boot disk will be made.</p>
+
+<div class="INFORMALFIGURE"><a id="AEN1119" name="AEN1119"></a>
+<p><img src="installation/setup-bootdisk-w.png" /></p>
+</div>
+</div>
+
+<div class="SECT3">
+<h3 class="SECT3"><a id="AEN1123" name="AEN1123">3.4.8.3 Modem</a></h3>
+
+<p>You will be prompted for modem information. More specifically, you will be asked
+whether you have a modem, and if so, what serial port it is on.</p>
+
+<div class="INFORMALFIGURE"><a id="AEN1128" name="AEN1128"></a>
+<p><img src="installation/setup-modem-w.png" /></p>
+</div>
+
+<p>These next configuration subsections may or may not appear, depending on whether or
+not you installed their corresponding packages.</p>
+</div>
+
+<div class="SECT3">
+<h3 class="SECT3"><a id="AEN1133" name="AEN1133">3.4.8.4 Timezone</a></h3>
+
+<p>This one's pretty straightforward: you will be asked what time zone you are in. If you
+operate on Zulu time, we are very sorry; the (extremely long) list is alphabetically
+ordered, and you're at the bottom.</p>
+
+<div class="INFORMALFIGURE"><a id="AEN1138" name="AEN1138"></a>
+<p><img src="installation/setup-timezone-w.png" /></p>
+</div>
+</div>
+
+<div class="SECT3">
+<h3 class="SECT3"><a id="AEN1142" name="AEN1142">3.4.8.5 Mouse</a></h3>
+
+<p>This subsection simply asks what kind of mouse you have, and whether you want <tt
+class="COMMAND">gpm</tt>(8) console mouse support enabled on bootup.</p>
+
+<div class="INFORMALFIGURE"><a id="AEN1148" name="AEN1148"></a>
+<p><img src="installation/setup-mouse-w.png" /></p>
+</div>
+</div>
+
+<div class="SECT3">
+<h3 class="SECT3"><a id="AEN1152" name="AEN1152">3.4.8.6 Hardware clock</a></h3>
+
+<p>This subsection asks if your computer's hardware clock is set to Coordinated Universal
+Time (UTC or GMT). Most PCs are not, so you should probably say no.</p>
+
+<div class="INFORMALFIGURE"><a id="AEN1155" name="AEN1155"></a>
+<p><img src="installation/setup-hardware-clock-w.png" /></p>
+</div>
+</div>
+
+<div class="SECT3">
+<h3 class="SECT3"><a id="AEN1159" name="AEN1159">3.4.8.7 Font</a></h3>
+
+<p>The font subsection allows you to choose from a list of custom console fonts.</p>
+
+<div class="INFORMALFIGURE"><a id="AEN1164" name="AEN1164"></a>
+<p><img src="installation/setup-font-w.png" /></p>
+</div>
+</div>
+
+<div class="SECT3">
+<h3 class="SECT3"><a id="AEN1168" name="AEN1168">3.4.8.8 LILO</a></h3>
+
+<p>Here you are prompted for installation of LILO (the LInux LOader; see <a
+href="booting.html#BOOTING-LILO">Section 7.1</a> for more information).</p>
+
+<div class="INFORMALFIGURE"><a id="AEN1174" name="AEN1174"></a>
+<p><img src="installation/setup-lilo-w.png" /></p>
+</div>
+
+<p>If Slackware is to be the only operating system on your computer, <var
+class="OPTION">simple</var> should work just fine for you. If you are dual-booting, the
+<var class="OPTION">expert</var> option is a better choice. See <a
+href="booting-dual.html">Section 7.3</a> for more information on dual-booting. The third
+option, <var class="OPTION">do not install</var>, is not recommended unless you know what
+you're doing and have a very good reason for not installing LILO. If you are performing
+an expert install, you will be given a choice as to where LILO will be put. You may place
+LILO in the MBR (Master Boot Record) of your hard drive, in the superblock of your root
+Linux partition, or on a floppy disk.</p>
+</div>
+
+<div class="SECT3">
+<h3 class="SECT3"><a id="AEN1183" name="AEN1183">3.4.8.9 Network</a></h3>
+
+<p>The network configuration subsection is actually <tt class="COMMAND">netconfig</tt>.
+See <a href="network-configuration.html#NETWORK-CONFIGURATION-NETCONFIG">Section 5.1</a>
+for more information.</p>
+</div>
+
+<div class="SECT3">
+<h3 class="SECT3"><a id="AEN1190" name="AEN1190">3.4.8.10 X Window Manager</a></h3>
+
+<p>This subsection will allow you to choose a default window manager for X. See <a
+href="x-window-system.html">Chapter 6</a> for more details on X and window managers.</p>
+
+<div class="INFORMALFIGURE"><a id="AEN1198" name="AEN1198"></a>
+<p><img src="installation/setup-xwmconfig-w.png" /></p>
+</div>
+
+<p>No matter which packages you installed, the last thing configure will do is ask you
+whether you want to go ahead and set a <tt class="USERNAME">root</tt> password. For
+security reasons, this is probably a good idea; however, like almost everything else in
+Slackware, this is your call.</p>
+</div>
+</div>
+</div>
+
+<div class="NAVFOOTER">
+<hr align="LEFT" width="100%" />
+<table summary="Footer navigation table" width="100%" border="0" cellpadding="0"
+cellspacing="0">
+<tr>
+<td width="33%" align="left" valign="top"><a href="installation-partitioning.html"
+accesskey="P">Prev</a></td>
+<td width="34%" align="center" valign="top"><a href="index.html"
+accesskey="H">Home</a></td>
+<td width="33%" align="right" valign="top"><a href="system-configuration.html"
+accesskey="N">Next</a></td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td width="33%" align="left" valign="top">Partitioning</td>
+<td width="34%" align="center" valign="top"><a href="installation.html"
+accesskey="U">Up</a></td>
+<td width="33%" align="right" valign="top">System Configuration</td>
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+</table>
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+</html>
+