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author Patrick J Volkerding <volkerdi@slackware.com>2009-08-26 10:00:38 -0500
committer Eric Hameleers <alien@slackware.com>2018-05-31 22:41:17 +0200
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Slackware 13.0slackware-13.0
Wed Aug 26 10:00:38 CDT 2009 Slackware 13.0 x86_64 is released as stable! Thanks to everyone who helped make this release possible -- see the RELEASE_NOTES for the credits. The ISOs are off to the replicator. This time it will be a 6 CD-ROM 32-bit set and a dual-sided 32-bit/64-bit x86/x86_64 DVD. We're taking pre-orders now at store.slackware.com. Please consider picking up a copy to help support the project. Once again, thanks to the entire Slackware community for all the help testing and fixing things and offering suggestions during this development cycle. As always, have fun and enjoy! -P.
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+<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
+ "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
+<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
+<head>
+<meta name="generator" content="HTML Tidy, see www.w3.org" />
+<title>Creation: touch and mkdir</title>
+<meta name="GENERATOR" content="Modular DocBook HTML Stylesheet Version 1.7" />
+<link rel="HOME" title="Slackware Linux Essentials" href="index.html" />
+<link rel="UP" title="Handling Files and Directories" href="file-commands.html" />
+<link rel="PREVIOUS" title="Simple Output: cat and echo"
+href="file-commands-output.html" />
+<link rel="NEXT" title="Copy and Move" href="file-commands-copymove.html" />
+<link rel="STYLESHEET" type="text/css" href="docbook.css" />
+<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=iso-8859-1" />
+</head>
+<body class="SECT1" bgcolor="#FFFFFF" text="#000000" link="#0000FF" vlink="#840084"
+alink="#0000FF">
+<div class="NAVHEADER">
+<table summary="Header navigation table" width="100%" border="0" cellpadding="0"
+cellspacing="0">
+<tr>
+<th colspan="3" align="center">Slackware Linux Essentials</th>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td width="10%" align="left" valign="bottom"><a href="file-commands-output.html"
+accesskey="P">Prev</a></td>
+<td width="80%" align="center" valign="bottom">Chapter 10 Handling Files and
+Directories</td>
+<td width="10%" align="right" valign="bottom"><a href="file-commands-copymove.html"
+accesskey="N">Next</a></td>
+</tr>
+</table>
+
+<hr align="LEFT" width="100%" />
+</div>
+
+<div class="SECT1">
+<h1 class="SECT1"><a id="FILE-COMMANDS-CREATION" name="FILE-COMMANDS-CREATION">10.4
+Creation: <tt class="COMMAND">touch</tt> and <tt class="COMMAND">mkdir</tt></a></h1>
+
+<div class="SECT2">
+<h2 class="SECT2"><a id="AEN3619" name="AEN3619">10.4.1 <tt
+class="COMMAND">touch</tt></a></h2>
+
+<p><tt class="COMMAND">touch</tt>(1) is used to change the timestamp on a file. You can
+change access timestamps and modification timestamps with this command. If the file
+specified does not exist, <tt class="COMMAND">touch</tt> will create a zero length file
+with the name specified. To mark a file with the current system time, you would issue
+this command:</p>
+
+<table border="0" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" width="100%">
+<tr>
+<td>
+<pre class="SCREEN">
+<samp class="PROMPT">%</samp> <kbd class="USERINPUT">ls -al file1</kbd>
+-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 9779 Feb 7 21:41 file1
+<samp class="PROMPT">%</samp> <kbd class="USERINPUT">touch file1</kbd>
+<samp class="PROMPT">%</samp> <kbd class="USERINPUT">ls -al file1</kbd>
+-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 9779 Feb 8 09:17 file1
+</pre>
+</td>
+</tr>
+</table>
+
+<p>There are several options for <tt class="COMMAND">touch</tt>, including options to
+specify which timestamp to modify, the time to use, and many more. The online manual page
+discusses these in detail.</p>
+</div>
+
+<div class="SECT2">
+<h2 class="SECT2"><a id="AEN3639" name="AEN3639">10.4.2 <tt
+class="COMMAND">mkdir</tt></a></h2>
+
+<p><tt class="COMMAND">mkdir</tt>(1) will create a new directory. You simply specify the
+directory to create when you run mkdir. This example creates the <tt
+class="FILENAME">hejaz</tt> directory in the current directory:</p>
+
+<table border="0" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" width="100%">
+<tr>
+<td>
+<pre class="SCREEN">
+<samp class="PROMPT">%</samp> <kbd class="USERINPUT">mkdir hejaz</kbd>
+</pre>
+</td>
+</tr>
+</table>
+
+<p>You can also specify a path, like this:</p>
+
+<table border="0" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" width="100%">
+<tr>
+<td>
+<pre class="SCREEN">
+<samp class="PROMPT">%</samp> <kbd class="USERINPUT">mkdir /usr/local/hejaz</kbd>
+</pre>
+</td>
+</tr>
+</table>
+
+<p>The <var class="OPTION">-p</var> option will tell <tt class="COMMAND">mkdir</tt> to
+make any parent directories. The above example will fail if <tt
+class="COMMAND">/usr/local</tt> does not exist. The <var class="OPTION">-p</var> option
+will create <tt class="FILENAME">/usr/local</tt> and <tt
+class="FILENAME">/usr/local/hejaz</tt>:</p>
+
+<table border="0" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" width="100%">
+<tr>
+<td>
+<pre class="SCREEN">
+<samp class="PROMPT">%</samp> <kbd class="USERINPUT">mkdir -p /usr/local/hejaz</kbd>
+</pre>
+</td>
+</tr>
+</table>
+</div>
+</div>
+
+<div class="NAVFOOTER">
+<hr align="LEFT" width="100%" />
+<table summary="Footer navigation table" width="100%" border="0" cellpadding="0"
+cellspacing="0">
+<tr>
+<td width="33%" align="left" valign="top"><a href="file-commands-output.html"
+accesskey="P">Prev</a></td>
+<td width="34%" align="center" valign="top"><a href="index.html"
+accesskey="H">Home</a></td>
+<td width="33%" align="right" valign="top"><a href="file-commands-copymove.html"
+accesskey="N">Next</a></td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td width="33%" align="left" valign="top">Simple Output: <tt class="COMMAND">cat</tt> and
+<tt class="COMMAND">echo</tt></td>
+<td width="34%" align="center" valign="top"><a href="file-commands.html"
+accesskey="U">Up</a></td>
+<td width="33%" align="right" valign="top">Copy and Move</td>
+</tr>
+</table>
+</div>
+</body>
+</html>
+