path: root/slackbook/html/emacs-modes.html
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author Patrick J Volkerding <>2018-05-25 23:29:36 +0000
committer Eric Hameleers <>2018-06-01 00:36:01 +0200
commit39366733c3fe943363566756e2e152c45a1b3cb2 (patch)
tree228b0735896af90ca78151c9a69aa3efd12c8cae /slackbook/html/emacs-modes.html
parentd31c50870d0bee042ce660e445c9294a59a3a65b (diff)
Fri May 25 23:29:36 UTC 201814.2
patches/packages/glibc-zoneinfo-2018e-noarch-2_slack14.2.txz: Rebuilt. Handle removal of US/Pacific-New timezone. If we see that the machine is using this, it will be automatically switched to US/Pacific.
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-<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
- "">
-<html xmlns="">
-<meta name="generator" content="HTML Tidy, see" />
-<meta name="GENERATOR" content="Modular DocBook HTML Stylesheet Version 1.7" />
-<link rel="HOME" title="Slackware Linux Essentials" href="index.html" />
-<link rel="UP" title="Emacs" href="emacs.html" />
-<link rel="PREVIOUS" title="Buffers" href="emacs-buffers.html" />
-<link rel="NEXT" title="Basic Editing" href="emacs-basic-editing.html" />
-<link rel="STYLESHEET" type="text/css" href="docbook.css" />
-<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=iso-8859-1" />
-<body class="SECT1" bgcolor="#FFFFFF" text="#000000" link="#0000FF" vlink="#840084"
-<div class="NAVHEADER">
-<table summary="Header navigation table" width="100%" border="0" cellpadding="0"
-<th colspan="3" align="center">Slackware Linux Essentials</th>
-<td width="10%" align="left" valign="bottom"><a href="emacs-buffers.html"
-<td width="80%" align="center" valign="bottom">Chapter 17 Emacs</td>
-<td width="10%" align="right" valign="bottom"><a href="emacs-basic-editing.html"
-<hr align="LEFT" width="100%" />
-<div class="SECT1">
-<h1 class="SECT1"><a id="EMACS-MODES" name="EMACS-MODES">17.3 Modes</a></h1>
-<p>Every buffer in Emacs has an associated mode. This mode is very different from the
-idea of modes in <tt class="COMMAND">vi</tt>: a mode tells you what kind of buffer you
-are in. For example, there is text-mode for normal text files, but there are also modes
-such as c-mode for editing C programs, sh-mode for editing shell scripts, latex-mode for
-editing <b class="APPLICATION">LaTeX</b> files, mail-mode for editing email and news
-messages, etc. A mode provides special customizations and functionality that is useful
-for the kind of file you are editing. It is even possible for a mode to redefine keys and
-key commands. For example, in Text mode, the Tab key simply jumps to the next tab stop,
-but in many programming language modes, the <b class="KEYCAP">Tab</b> key indents the
-current line according to the depth of the block that line is in.</p>
-<p>The modes mentioned above are called major modes. Each buffer has exactly one major
-mode. Additionally, a buffer can have one or more minor modes. A minor mode provides
-additional features that may be useful for certain editing tasks. For example, if you hit
-the <b class="KEYCAP">INSERT</b> key, you invoke overwrite-mode, which does what you'd
-expect. There is also an auto-fill-mode, which is handy in combination with text-mode or
-latex-mode: it causes each line that you type to be automatically wrapped once the line
-reaches a certain number of characters. Without auto-fill-mode, you have to type <b
-class="KEYCAP">M</b>-<b class="KEYCAP">q</b> to fill out a paragraph. (Which you can also
-use to reformat a paragraph after you've edited some text in it and it is no longer
-nicely filled out.)</p>
-<div class="SECT2">
-<h2 class="SECT2"><a id="EMACS-OPENING-FILES" name="EMACS-OPENING-FILES">17.3.1 Opening
-<p>To open a file in Emacs, type</p>
-<table border="0" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" width="100%">
-<pre class="SCREEN">
-<kbd class="USERINPUT">C-x C-f</kbd>
-<p>Emacs will ask you for the name of the file, filling in some default path for you
-(which is usually <tt class="FILENAME">~/</tt> ). After you type the filename (you can
-use <b class="KEYCAP">Tab</b> completion) and hit <b class="KEYCAP">ENTER</b> , Emacs
-will open the file in a new buffer and display that buffer on the screen.</p>
-<div class="NOTE">
-<table class="NOTE" width="100%" border="0">
-<td width="25" align="CENTER" valign="TOP"><img src="./imagelib/admon/note.png"
-hspace="5" alt="Note" /></td>
-<td align="LEFT" valign="TOP">
-<p>Emacs will automatically create a new buffer, it will not load the file into the
-current buffer.</p>
-<p>In order to create a new file in emacs, you cannot just go typing right away. You
-first have to create a buffer for it, and come up with a filename. You do this by typing
-<b class="KEYCAP">C</b>-<b class="KEYCAP">x</b> <b class="KEYCAP">C</b>-<b
-class="KEYCAP">f</b> and typing a filename, just as if you were opening an existing file.
-Emacs will notice that the file you typed doesn't exist, and will create a new buffer and
-report &#8220;(New file)&#8221; in the minibuffer.</p>
-<p>When you type <b class="KEYCAP">C</b>-<b class="KEYCAP">x</b> <b
-class="KEYCAP">C</b>-<b class="KEYCAP">f</b> and then enter a directory name instead of a
-filename, Emacs will create a new buffer in which you will find a list of all the files
-in that directory. You can move the cursor to the file that you are looking for and type
-, and Emacs will open it. (There are in fact a lot more actions you can perform here,
-such as deleting, renaming and moving files, etc. Emacs is now in dired-mode, which is
-basically a simple file manager.)</p>
-<p>When you have typed <b class="KEYCAP">C</b>-<b class="KEYCAP">x</b> <b
-class="KEYCAP">C</b>-<b class="KEYCAP">f</b> and suddenly change your mind, you can type
-<b class="KEYCAP">C</b>-<b class="KEYCAP">g</b> to cancel the action. <b
-class="KEYCAP">C</b>-<b class="KEYCAP">g</b> works almost everywhere where you want to
-cancel an action or command that you've started but don't want to finish.</p>
-<div class="NAVFOOTER">
-<hr align="LEFT" width="100%" />
-<table summary="Footer navigation table" width="100%" border="0" cellpadding="0"
-<td width="33%" align="left" valign="top"><a href="emacs-buffers.html"
-<td width="34%" align="center" valign="top"><a href="index.html"
-<td width="33%" align="right" valign="top"><a href="emacs-basic-editing.html"
-<td width="33%" align="left" valign="top">Buffers</td>
-<td width="34%" align="center" valign="top"><a href="emacs.html"
-<td width="33%" align="right" valign="top">Basic Editing</td>